The Informative Hat Channel & Furring Channel Guide (2023)

The Informative Hat Channel & Furring Channel Guide (1)

Hat channels come in a variety of materials and sizes, and they can be used in applications with specific projects. When it comes to renovating or rebuilding the walls and ceilings of your basements, it is necessary to understand how to use the correct hat channel for furring. Most basement renovation projects include masonry walls and possibly even ceiling assemblies. Depending on the type of wall you are going to build, whether it’s a concrete wall or drop ceiling, you can insert your hat channel in a variety of different ways.

What is a Hat Channel?

The Informative Hat Channel & Furring Channel Guide (2)

Hat Channel Courtesy of Lowes

A hat channel is a corrosion-resistant framing piece, which is used to fur out walls in masonry and ceiling projects. While it is most commonly used in basement renovations, it is used in other applications as well.

Hat channels get their name from their hat-like shape. Hat channels containa grooved metal piece which is perfect for leveling out walls. The shape is also ergonomically-friendly, making it easy to install without much hassle at all.

Hat channels can be made from a variety of different materials, including steel and aluminum. Hat channels are heavily sought after by masons and builders as this is the most affordable way to even out walls. Not only do they provide advantages in the construction process, but they also protect your interior and exterior frames from fire, moisture, corrosion, and other dangerous hazards.

(Video) Hat Cap Channel to Concrete

The Informative Hat Channel & Furring Channel Guide (3)

Hat Channel Sizes

The Informative Hat Channel & Furring Channel Guide (4)

Clark Dietrich Building Systems

The most common hat channel sizes typically range from a ⅞” furring channel to a 1 ½” furring channel. The deeper the channel, the higher the capacity it can hold. Hat channels are usually measured in millimeters or inches, and allow for good amounts of loading capacity for any sized project. The best way to determine the perfect size for your hat channel is to understand the thickness of your walls as well as the dimensional requirements by the clips you are going to attach the channels to.

Furring channels or hat channels are usually available in the standard sizes and dimensions that you’ll find at your local retail store. However, if you are expanding your basement or creating a customized room, you may want to invest in some special orders. Remember that aluminum hat channels are best for cutting, so you might want to go down that route if you find that the dimensions of your walls and ceilings are nowhere near the standard measurements.

Hat Channel Dimensions

Dimensions of hat channels vary depending on your furring project. We’ve gathered some statistics on a few of the most standard lengths and depths that you can easily find at your local hardware store or retailer. While different types of hat channels may require different dimensions, you can easily follow the table below to get a good feel for the average sizes you’ll be working with.

Here are a few of the standard sizes you’ll find:

Lengths:

(Video) How to Install Metal Furring Channel Ceiling

  • 10’ long
  • 12’ long

Depths:

  • 25-gauge
  • 20-gauge
  • 18-gauge
  • 16-gauge

Of course, there are always alternative sizes available depending on the uniqueness and complexity of your project. Basement renovations can sometimes require custom work, in which case an off-sized hat channel may be necessary. Otherwise, you can equip standard lengths to fit across a ceiling or wall.

The Informative Hat Channel & Furring Channel Guide (5)

Metal Hat Channels

While some of the more traditional furring channels come in wood, metal hat channels have become a popular favorite among masons. Metal is found to be better for structural support and can be easily installed without damaging the other materials around it. Metal is also a preferred choice by many builders because it is fire and sound resistant.

  • Steel Channels –Hat channels are available in galvanized steel, which can be used in walls or drop ceilings. Steel channels can come in heavier gauges, which makes for a greater loading capacity. If you are building a heavy-duty basement, a steel channel is the most durable, rigid, and reliable material to use.The steel is galvanized to protect it from any chance of corrosion or flames, making it a safe and long-lasting choice to bond to your ceiling or walls. Plus, they’re incredibly easy to install!
  • Aluminum Hat Channels –Extruded aluminum is great for when you need custom hat channel sizes. Since this is a fairly lightweight metal, it is easy to cut, so you can special-order hat channels in the dimensions that you need. Aluminum hat channels take on the same primary functions as other metal channels, helping to even out irregular surfaces on your interior or exterior walls. This is a cheap and lightweight material to use as well. However, it’s just as fire and water-proof as the steel options.

The Informative Hat Channel & Furring Channel Guide (6)

What is Furring?

Furring is the process of raising or leveling surfaces of a wall or ceiling to make it even. This is a very necessary procedure in the construction process, as it is a requirement to make a building structurally sound. Masons will often mention furring to describe the actual process of installing strips or hat channels to a surface. Traditional furring involves the application of rectangular wooden strips across a wall or ceiling to keep it even and leveled before the application ofinsulation and covering.

(Video) How to Install Resilient Channel!!

In the application of wall furring, a construction worker or mason will lay wooden strips out perpendicular to the studs of the wall. They lay vertically against the wall if an existing surface is already present. Strip spacing depends on what materialisusedto finish the wall. For example, if you are using heavy boards to finish the wall, you will want to space the furring strips out more widely. If you are using plaster or paneling, you can space them closer together.

When you use hat channels to complete a furring project, rather than using wooden strips, this is metal furring. You will most commonly find metal furring applicable to the renovation of basements, although they are also used quite frequently in commercial or large industrial projects. Metal furring strips are synonymous with hat channels, and they contain a cross-section with two trapezoid-shaped flanges on either side. They can vary in thickness and dimension, as described in the section above.

Furring Strips

What are furring strips, exactly? Well, they are another term used for the strips that are used to fur masonry walls and drop ceilings. The two main types of furring strips are made of wood and metal. Wood furring strips are simpler and typically measure 50mm in length. Metal furring strips, or hat channels, come in a variety of sizes and are preferred for their increased durability and resistance to water and fire.

Resilient Furring Channel

Some hat channel brands and companies offer resilient channels, which are extremely effective not only for leveling your walls, but for drowning out sound and other inconveniences as well. It is a cross-furring channel which makes for the easier attachment of gypsum and other sound-blocking panels.

When installing resilient furring channels, be sure to place them perpendicular to the framing components within your walls and ceilings. Most reliable brands will offer resilient furring channels pre-punched, meaning that you can easily screw them into the corresponding wood or steel frames with ease.

(Video) Installation of the Green Glue Noiseproofing Clip - CertainTeed Gypsum

Metal Furring Channel

All metal furring channel options are built to comply with ASTM C645, which is the standard specification for steel framing components. This works for nonstructural members, and is available as part of the Book of Standards.

It is required that metal channels and hat channels be installed the way they are meant to, in order to keep your building structurally sound and to prevent any sources of unevenness. Using metal channels is by far the quickest, easiest, and cheapest way to level out your walls and ceilings before finishing them. Plus, you have the added benefit of knowing that your metal channels (aluminum, steel, or otherwise) are completely resistant to fire and water, which will keep your basement intact should you be faced with a natural disaster or bad leak.

The Informative Hat Channel & Furring Channel Guide (8)

Build Your Basement the Right Way–with Hat Channel!

The shape and structure of hat channels alone should be enough to convince you of their ease of installation. These sound materials are perfect for screwing into framing, helping to even out existing or newly renovated walls. When deciding on the structure and look of your basement, you don’t want to be stuck worrying about uneven or unfinished walls.

While hat channels come in a great number of styles, materials, and sizes, they are installed in compliance with your wall or ceiling project. Whether your wall is concrete, or you are applying gypsum paneling as a finish, you can find the right kind of furring channel to close it up and prevent it from taking on any kind of damage.

You can easily find your hat channel options at a local hardware store, or even by searching online through reliable brands and resources. Make sure to consider what hat channels have to offer!

FAQs

What is the difference between hat channel and furring channel? ›

Furring is a technique used to level out walls and ceilings with furring channels. A hat channel is a hat-shaped aluminum channel used to fur out a wall, masonry wall, or ceiling to provide a corrosion-resistant framing component.

What is a hat furring channel? ›

Furring channel is a hat-shaped corrosion-resistant framing component used in furring out masonry walls and ceilings. In concrete wall applications, furring channel is installed vertically to the wall surface using concrete nails or power-driven fasteners. Gypsum panels are then screw-attached to the furring channels.

How far can you span hat channel? ›

Spacing between hat channels shall not exceed 24 inches.

What is another name for hat channel? ›

Hat Channel is technically known as a 7/8” Drywall Furring Channel.

Does hat channel help with sound? ›

Similar to wooden furring strips, hat channels create a raised, smooth, level surface on which to attach sheathing. The airspace created by using hat channels helps increase the sound control effectiveness of insulation in the wall cavities from an STC of 36 to 46.

How deep is a hat channel? ›

Hat Channel's are fabricated in 1/2”, 7/8”, 1-1/2” depth, from 25 gauge to 14 gauge steel. The Web size is 1-1/4”. Length - 12'-0” and 20'-0”. Special lengths are available.

What size are hat channels? ›

The most common hat channel sizes typically range from a ⅞” furring channel to a 1 ½” furring channel. The deeper the channel, the higher the capacity it can hold. Hat channels are usually measured in millimeters or inches, and allow for good amounts of loading capacity for any sized project.

What is the difference between hat channel and resilient channel? ›

Resilient channels resemble a baseball cap with a shorter back than the front, and it's attached to the framing via a single brim/leg. On the other hand, a hat channel has a fedora like a shape, and it is attached to joists or studs through both brims/legs.

What is metal hat channel used for? ›

Hat channel is a hat-shaped framing member used when furring concrete, masonry walls, and ceilings. It provides a non-combustible solution for leveling uneven surfaces and comes in a variety of depths, gauges, and widths.

How far apart are furring channels? ›

Secure Furring channel to Top cross rail at a of max of 600mm apart or at appropriate spacings for your lining choice, ensuring 5–10mm clearance is left between end of Furring channel and wall.

How do I speed up my hat channel? ›

Bathroom Remodel 51 - Hat Channel Installation - YouTube

How much weight can furring strips hold? ›

Furring strips may support 50 lbs now, but this is NOT the right type of lumber for supporting live loads. And remember, kids grow... then their weight increases.

What is meant by furring? ›

Definition of furring

1 : a fur trimming or lining. 2a : the application of thin wood, brick, or metal to joists, studs, or walls to form a level surface (as for attaching wallboard) or an air space.

Where can I use furring channel? ›

ClarkDietrich furring channel is a hat-shaped corrosion-resistant framing component used to furr out masonry walls and ceiling assemblies. In concrete wall applications, furring channel is installed vertically to the wall surface using concrete nails or power-driven fasteners.

What is a furring system? ›

Furring wall systems offer an attractive, cost-efficient wall system for cleanroom construction over existing block or gypsum walls, studs, and columns. The functional design allows it to be installed on strut-type framing to create a mechanical/plenum chase.

Can you put resilient channel over existing drywall? ›

Hanging RC Over Existing Drywall: When adding a 2nd layer of drywall, this should be done on the other side of the wall. If the resilient channel is installed directly over drywall (rather than studs), it creates a mass-air-mass condition that greatly reduces its effectiveness.

How many resilient channels do I need? ›

We recommend 24" hat channel spacing for single or double layer drywall and 16" hat channel spacing for triple layer drywall. Select the total number of doors and windows you have located in each wall that is being clipped.

Do you need resilient channel with SONOpan? ›

A resilient channel is not necessary with SONOpan. People who own a house probably want to go with SONOpan and 1/2” of drywall. However, the goal is to contain everything a little bit more, so adding a resilient channel or isolation clips can help, especially if you're wanting to soundproof low frequency noises.

How wide is furring channel? ›

Available with a 38mm wide fixing face. Available in Standard lengths of 2700mm, 3000mm, 3600mm, 4800mm and 6000mm. Custom length furring channels in both 16mm and 28mm also available.

How do you install furring channel on drywall? ›

How to Install Furring Strips for Drywall : Drywall Help - YouTube

How thick is RC channel? ›

Resilient channel is available in 18 and 30 mil thicknesses (25-20ga.). Standard channel lengths are 12 foot long.

How do furring strips work? ›

Furring strips help level the surface underneath the backer board when the studs that you've inserted cause an uneven surface. Once the surface is level, you can then lay down the backer board and put the remainder of the shower appliance together.

Is furring channel the same as resilient channel? ›

Resilient channels can also decouple structure-borne noise by providing airspace to a wall. Meanwhile, a furring channel has a shape similar to a fedora hat. Unlike a resilient channel that you attach to the framing, a hat channel is connected to studs or joists through legs or brims.

What is resilient furring channel? ›

Resilient channel is a thin metal channel that is intelligently designed to substantially improve the sound insulation of drywall, sheetrock, plasterboard walls and ceilings. The channel effectively isolates drywall from the framing studwork, which results in the weakening of sound waves substantially.

What is a drywall furring channel? ›

Drywall Furring Channel is a hat-shaped framing accessory designed to "furr" out any surface for the application of the final finish (ie. metal siding on steel studs, drywall on masonry, etc.).

What is Channel section? ›

A channel section is defined as the cross section taken perpendicular to the main flow direction. Referring to Fig. 1.1 the geometric elements of an open channel are defined as follows: Flow depth, y. It is a vertical distance from the channel bottom to the free surface.

Are metal studs used for load bearing walls? ›

Heavier gauge metal studs are used in load bearing walls and structural applications such as exterior walls. Lighter gauge metal studs are used in non-load bearing applications such as some interior walls, half-walls, and partitions.

What does fur out mean in construction? ›

Furring out is the act of adding extra wood to a structure to give it additional depth. It's usually a 1x2 or 2x2 attached to the face of each stud to help make a wall flat, or make walls meet correctly, or to make room for something like a wire or pipe.

What is the difference between hat channel and resilient channel? ›

Resilient channels resemble a baseball cap with a shorter back than the front, and it's attached to the framing via a single brim/leg. On the other hand, a hat channel has a fedora like a shape, and it is attached to joists or studs through both brims/legs.

Is furring channel the same as resilient channel? ›

Resilient channels can also decouple structure-borne noise by providing airspace to a wall. Meanwhile, a furring channel has a shape similar to a fedora hat. Unlike a resilient channel that you attach to the framing, a hat channel is connected to studs or joists through legs or brims.

What is metal hat channel used for? ›

Hat channel is a hat-shaped framing member used when furring concrete, masonry walls, and ceilings. It provides a non-combustible solution for leveling uneven surfaces and comes in a variety of depths, gauges, and widths.

What is hat track used for? ›

Furring Channel for Walls and Ceilings

ClarkDietrich furring channel is a hat-shaped corrosion-resistant framing component used to furr out masonry walls and ceiling assemblies. In concrete wall applications, furring channel is installed vertically to the wall surface using concrete nails or power-driven fasteners.

How far apart should furring channels be? ›

Resilient furring channels should not be spaced greater than 24 in. (610 mm) on-center when installed on wall framing members. For ceiling framing members spaced 24 in.

How far apart are furring channels? ›

Secure Furring channel to Top cross rail at a of max of 600mm apart or at appropriate spacings for your lining choice, ensuring 5–10mm clearance is left between end of Furring channel and wall.

Why are they called furring strips? ›

The origin of the furring strip may be from the root "furr", which is the term given to the space behind the field of lath. Metal furring strips are used for commercial projects, or in towns where fire-proof supporting elements are required by the local building code.

How do I speed up my hat channel? ›

Bathroom Remodel 51 - Hat Channel Installation - YouTube

How many resilient channels do I need? ›

We recommend 24" hat channel spacing for single or double layer drywall and 16" hat channel spacing for triple layer drywall. Select the total number of doors and windows you have located in each wall that is being clipped.

How do you install furring channel on drywall? ›

How to Install Furring Strips for Drywall : Drywall Help - YouTube

What size are hat channels? ›

The most common hat channel sizes typically range from a ⅞” furring channel to a 1 ½” furring channel. The deeper the channel, the higher the capacity it can hold. Hat channels are usually measured in millimeters or inches, and allow for good amounts of loading capacity for any sized project.

What is a furring system? ›

Furring wall systems offer an attractive, cost-efficient wall system for cleanroom construction over existing block or gypsum walls, studs, and columns. The functional design allows it to be installed on strut-type framing to create a mechanical/plenum chase.

How wide is furring channel? ›

Available with a 38mm wide fixing face. Available in Standard lengths of 2700mm, 3000mm, 3600mm, 4800mm and 6000mm. Custom length furring channels in both 16mm and 28mm also available.

What is a furring in construction? ›

: the application of thin wood, brick, or metal to joists, studs, or walls to form a level surface (as for attaching wallboard) or an air space. : the material used in this process.

How much weight can furring strips hold? ›

Furring strips may support 50 lbs now, but this is NOT the right type of lumber for supporting live loads. And remember, kids grow... then their weight increases.

How thick is RC channel? ›

Resilient channel is available in 18 and 30 mil thicknesses (25-20ga.). Standard channel lengths are 12 foot long.

Videos

1. R-Panel Recover using Hat Channel over Zee Clip | McElroy Metal
(McElroy Metal)
2. HOW TO INSTALL RESILIENT CHANNEL AND REDUCE VIBRATION NOISE
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3. Ultimate party wall soundproofing solution
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4. How to install the Rondo KEY-LOCK® Suspended Ceiling System
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